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Chaucer: The Electronic
Web Resources by Tale
Fragment II / Group B1
Additional Pages in The Electronic Canterbury Tales
Need Teaching Ideas &
Complete Online Versions of the
1. In Middle English
Read the Pardoner's Introduction, Prologue, and Tale in the context of Fragment VI - Group C.
Read the Pardoner's Introduction, Prologue, and Tale according to the Hengwrt ms (Hg), one of the two most important early manuscripts, at the University of Toronto's Representative Poetry On-line site. The Ellesmere ms (El) is the other important early edition.
2. In Modern English Translation
The Litrix Reading Room translation of the Canterbury Tales features rhyming couplets.
Sinan Kökbugur's helpfully glossed hypertext Middle English rendition of the complete Canterbury Tales is available at the Librarius page. Use the Table of Contents in the left frame to click on a specific Tale, and difficult terms and phrases are glossed in the lower frame.
3. Historical & Cultural Backgrounds
The Pardoner's Prologue is rife with talk of relics, or the remains of holy persons and things which are supposed to have special spiritual meaning. What is the Pardoner talking about? See the Catholic Encyclopedia: Relics; Thomas Aquinas's views on relics from the Summa Theologica; and a modern relic certificate.
Thomas Head (Hunter College and the Graduate Center, CUNY) has made available online his formidable research into saints and sanctity in the Middle Ages. See his Hagiography page on the ORB: Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies. Head has also edited and put online An Anthology of Translated Texts Illustrative of the History of the Cult of the Saints, which contains the following primary sources on saints, their relics, and devotion to them both:
Although more than a century after Chaucer, Martin Luther's 95 Theses, nailed to the chapel door at the University of Wittenberg on October 31, 1517, signaled the start of the Reformation. Luther's 95 Theses, formally entitled Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences, directly address the use and abuse of indulgences as monetary instruments, the Pardoner's professed specialty.
4. Sources, Analogues, & Related Texts
5. Online Notes & Commentary
Discussion and links concerning the Pardoner's Introduction, Prologue, and Tale on Larry D. Benson's superlative Geoffrey Chaucer Page (Harvard). Includes e-texts of scholarly essays, sources and ancillary texts, and capsule discussions of key issues. Some of the items related to the Pardoner's Tale include:
6. Online Articles & Books
Chaucer Sourcebook, from the Harvard Chaucer Page, offers a number of classic and professional essays from noted Chaucerians, including:
The articles from Cultural Frictions: Medieval Cultural Studies in Post-Modern Contexts Conference Proceedings (27-28 October 1995) are online, including:
Chaucer's Pardoner, the Bishop of Pamplona, and the Great Western Schism (Frederick Martin, Tulane U), from an ongoing e-project melding critical and cultural theory & medieval studies. See Martin's e-dissertation in progress, Pilgrimage in the Age of Schism: Chaucer, Sociological Poetics, and the Canterbury Tales.
Essays in Medieval Studies, full-text articles from the proceedings of the Illinois Medieval Association, edited by Allen J. Frantzen (Loyola - Chicago).
7. Student Projects & Essays
Anniina Jokkinen's Essays and Articles on Chaucer includes a number of sample student essays, of varying quality. Like any other source, student essays must be evaluated rigorously, cited correctly, and used responsibly. Jokkinen also compiles a number of resources by Canterbury Tale: The Pardoner's Tale
10. Images & Multimedia
11. Language Helps & Audio Files
Sample audio files (.wav, .au, .aiff) from the Pardoner's Tale, read by Joseph Gallaher and recorded at Simon Fraser University in 1994, are available from the Chaucer Studio (Paul Thomas, Brigham Young).
13. The Next Step
|Chaucer Pedagogy | The Electronic Canterbury Tales
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This page was last revised on 12.04.06.